The SORTBY function was announced by Microsoft in September 2018 and is one of Excel’s new dynamic array functions. SORTBY makes use of the changes made to the calculation engine, enabling a single formula to spill calculations into multiple cells.

At the time of writing, the SORTBY function is only available in Excel 365, Excel 2021 and Excel Online. It will not be available in Excel 2019 or earlier versions.

**Download the example file: **Click the link below to download the example file used for this post:

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## Arguments of the SORTBY function

Before we look at the arguments required for the SORTBY function, let’s look at a basic example to appreciate what it does.

The video below is sorting the Employees based on the Units Sold; this is what SORTBY does. The returned range returned does not need to include the values that it is being sorted by. That’s pretty useful, right?

SORTBY has a variable number of arguments depending on the scenario:

`=SORTBY(array, By_array1, [sort_order1], [By_array2], [sort_order2] ,...)`

**array:**The range of cells, or array of values to be returned by the function.**by_array1:**The range of cells or array of values to sort by.**[sort_order1]:**acceptable values are:

•**1**= sort*By_array1*in ascending order

•**-1**= sort*By_array1*in descending order

If excluded, Excel defaults to 1.**[by_array2…]:**The range of cells or array of values to apply the second sort by. This argument is optional; you can exclude this if you only need one sort column.**[sort_order2]:**the sort order to apply to the*By_array2*. Uses the same values as sort_order1, where 1= ascending, -1 = descending.

If there is a third, fourth or nth sort required, these can be added just like **by_array2** and** sort_order2**.

Only the first two arguments are necessary, which are the data and what to sort by. If you don’t need to sort by a separate column, then the SORT function may be better suited to your requirements.

## Examples of using the SORTBY function

The following examples illustrate how to use the SORTBY function in Excel

### Example 1 – The sort column does not need to be in the array

In this example, the **Employees**, **Units Sold** and **Average Price** columns are returned based on the descending order of the values in the **Total Value** column.

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=SORTBY(B3:D10,E3:E10,-1)`

Cells **B3-D10** are sorted by the values in **E3-E10** in descending order (it is descending because the third argument in the function is **-1**). The **Total Value** column (cells **E3-E10**) is not included within the result.

### Example 2 – SORTBY expands automatically when linked to a table

This example shows how the SORTBY function responds when new data is added to an Excel Table.

The SORTBY function is using a table called * salesTable* as its source. New records added to the Table are automatically added to the spill range of the function. There is no need to expand the range of the function; it happens all by itself.

### Example 3 – Using SORTBY with multiple columns

Example 3 shows how to sort using multiple sort columns.

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=SORTBY(B3:D10,C3:C10,-1,B3:B10,1)`

Cells **B3-D10** are sorted first by cells **C3-C10** (the Units Sold) in **descending** order, then by cells **B3-B10** (the Employee name) in **ascending** order.

### Example 4 – Returning columns in any order when using SORTBY

SORTBY accepts a range or array as the first argument. It then returns the columns in the result in the same order. But what if we want a different order, or only wish to return a few of the columns? In this circumstance, we can use the CHOOSE function to create a range of cells in any order. This solution will working in Excel 2021 and Excel 365.

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=SORTBY(CHOOSE({1,2},E3:E10,B3:B10),C3:C10,-1,B3:B10,1)`

The CHOOSE function is using **E3-E10** as the first range, and **B3-B10** as the second range. The **{1,2}** is telling the CHOOSE function which position each range should be in. If you were to use **{2,1}**, the ranges would be returned in the reverse order.

Using this method, we can return columns in any order; we are not restricted by the layout of the source data.

For Excel 365 users there is the CHOOSECOLS function available which makes this scenario even easier. The following are two examples of using CHOOSECOLS to achieve the same result.

`=CHOOSECOLS(SORTBY(B3:E10,C3:C10,-1),4,1)`

`=CHOOSECOLS(SORTBY(B3:E10,C3:C10,-1),{4,1})`

### Example 5 – Combining FILTER and SORTBY

The dynamic array functions can be nested within each other. But this nesting can bring some challenges. This example shows the FILTER function nested within SORTBY.

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=FILTER(SORTBY(B3:D10,C3:C10,1),C3:C10>5)`

This formula is intended to sort based on cells **C3-C10**, then filter to only return the rows where the values in **C3-C10** are greater than **5**.

But did you notice in the screenshot that it doesn’t return the correct values? This occurs because the first argument of the FILTER function uses SORTBY to sort, but the second argument is using the unsorted data. When nesting these formulas, we need to apply the sort to each argument.

Let’s try it again…

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=FILTER(SORTBY(B3:D10,C3:C10,1),SORTBY(C3:C10,C3:C10,1)>5)`

Now both arguments of the FILTER function are based on arrays sorted by **C3-C10**.

### Example 6 – Restrict the values returned by SORTBY

Finally, what if you only want to return a single sort position? For example, what if we only wanted the 3rd item from the sorted list?

The formula in cell **G3** is:

`=INDEX(SORTBY(B3:D10,C3:C10,1),3,0)`

SORTBY is nested within the INDEX function. It is the INDEX function that is returning the 3rd item in the list. This solution works in Excel 2021 and Excel 365.

An alternative option using CHOOSEROWS (only available in Excel 365) is:

`=CHOOSEROWS(SORTBY(B3:D10,C3:C10,1),3)`

## Want to learn more?

There is a lot to learn about dynamic arrays and the new functions. Check out my other posts here to learn more:

- Introduction to dynamic arrays – learn how the excel calculation engine has changed.
- UNIQUE – to list the unique values in a range
- SORT – to sort the values in a range
- SORTBY – to sort values based on the order of other values
- FILTER – to return only the values which meet specific criteria
- SEQUENCE – to return a sequence of numbers
- RANDARRAY – to return an array of random numbers
- Using dynamic arrays with other Excel features – learn to use dynamic arrays with charts, PivotTables, pictures etc.
- Advanced dynamic array formula techniques – learn the advanced techniques for managing dynamic arrays

**About the author**

Hey, I’m Mark, and I run Excel Off The Grid.

My parents tell me that at the age of 7 I declared I was going to become a qualified accountant. I was either psychic or had no imagination, as that is exactly what happened. However, it wasn't until I was 35 that my journey really began.

In 2015, I started a new job, for which I was regularly working after 10pm. As a result, I rarely saw my children during the week. So, I started searching for the secrets to automating Excel. I discovered that by building a small number of simple tools, I could combine them together in different ways to automate nearly all my regular tasks. This meant I could work less hours (and I got pay raises!). Today, I teach these techniques to other professionals in our training program so they too can spend less time at work (and more time with their children and doing the things they love).

**Do you need help adapting this post to your needs?**

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Hello,

As you know only 365 users can enjoy the benefits of the Six New Dynamic Array Formulas such as Sortby …

Is there an UDF or an Array Formula which could replicate the basic features of Sortby ( without the Spill effect …) ???

This would be extremely handy for the ” old – loyal ” Excel customer base

Thanks for your help

No there aren’t any non 35 alternatives.