In a Macro or Add-in there may be times when you require the user to select a file. It is possible to use the standard FileDialog box for this purpose. The following code is intended to provide the most common settings which you can amend to meet your needs.
Open the file DialogBox for selecting a file
Sub selectFile() Dim dialogBox As FileDialog Set dialogBox = Application.FileDialog(msoFileDialogOpen) 'Set the display properties - these are optional 'All the settings must be applied before the .Show command 'Do not allow multiple files to be selected dialogBox.AllowMultiSelect = False 'Set the title of of the DialogBox dialogBox.Title = "Select a file" 'Show the dialog box and output full file path and file name If dialogBox.Show = -1 Then MsgBox "You selected: " & dialogBox.SelectedItems(1) End If End Sub
Selecting multiple files
If you the user is allowed to select more than one file the following code can be used:
Sub selectFiles() Dim dialogBox As FileDialog Set dialogBox = Application.FileDialog(msoFileDialogOpen) Dim i As Integer 'Set the display properties - these are optional 'All the settings must be applied before the .Show command 'Allow multiple files to be selected dialogBox.AllowMultiSelect = True 'Set the title of of the DialogBox dialogBox.Title = "Select a file" 'Show the dialog box 'Loop through each selected item and output to Immediate Window For i = 1 To dialogBox.SelectedItems.Count Debug.Print dialogBox.SelectedItems(i) Next i End Sub
Setting the default folder options
'Set the default folder to open dialogBox.InitialFileName = "C:\Users\marks\Documents" 'Set filters to show specific files types only - these are optional 'Clear any existing filters first dialogBox.Filters.Clear 'Add more filters - use ; to separate filters for the same name dialogBox.Filters.Add "Excel workboooks", "*.xlsx;*.xls;*.xlsm"
File name or full file path
Sometimes you want the full file path of the selected item
'Show the full file path (folder & file name) MgsBox dialogBox.SelectedItems(i)
Other times, you just want the name of the file (not the folder)
'Just show the file name MsgBox Dir(dialogBox.SelectedItems(1))
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If you’ve found this post useful, or if you have a better approach, then please leave a comment below.
Do you need help adapting this to your needs?
I’m guessing the examples in this post didn’t exactly meet your situation. We all use Excel differently, so it’s impossible to write a post that will meet everybody’s needs. By taking the time to understand the techniques and principles in this post (and elsewhere on this site) you should be able to adapt it to your needs.
But, if you’re still struggling you should:
- Read other blogs, or watch YouTube videos on the same topic. You will benefit much more by discovering your own solutions.
- Ask the ‘Excel Ninja’ in your office. It’s amazing what things other people know.
- Ask a question in a forum like Mr Excel, or the Microsoft Answers Community. Remember, the people on these forums are generally giving their time for free. So take care to craft your question, make sure it’s clear and concise. List all the things you’ve tried, and provide screenshots, code segments and example workbooks.
- Use Excel Rescue, who are my consultancy partner. They help by providing solutions to smaller Excel problems.
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