Workbook VBA properties and actions

VBA Code Snippets

Working with workbooks is one of the most common actions when writing VBA code.  The following is a reference guide to for finding the right syntax.

Contents:

Referencing workbooks by name

'Reference a workbook by name
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").[other properties/actions]

Referencing workbooks by their status

'Reference the workbook in which the VBA code is
ThisWorkbook.[other properties/actions]

'Reference the active workbook
ActiveWorkbook.[other properties/actions]

Referencing workbooks by when they were opened

'Referencing the first workbook opened
Workbooks(1).[other properties/actions]

'Referencing the second workbook opened
Workbooks(2).[other properties/actions]

'Referencing the last workbook opened
Workbooks(Workbooks.Count).[other properties/actions]

Assign a workbook to a variable

'Assign a workbook to a variable
Dim Wk as Workbook
Set Wk = Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx")

Create new workbooks

'Create a new workbook
Workbooks.Add

'Assign a new workbook to a variable
Dim Wk as Workbook
Set Wk = Workbooks.Add

Opening workbooks

'Open a workbook
Workbooks.Open ("C:\FilePath\WorkbookName.xlsx")

'Open a workbook as read-only
Workbooks.Open ("C:\FilePath\WorkbookName.xlsx", ReadOnly:=True)

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Counting the open workbooks

'Counting the open workbooks
Workbooks.Count

Saving workbooks

'Save a workbook
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Save

'Save a workbook with a new name
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").SaveAs "C:\FilePath\NewWorkbookName.xlsx"

'Save a copy of the workbook
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").SaveCopyAs "C:\FilePath\NewWorkbookName.xlsx"

Protect & Unprotect workbooks

'Protect workbook without password
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Protect

'Unprotect workbook without password
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Unprotect

'Protect workbook with password
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Protect "Password"

'Unprotect workbook with password
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Unprotect "Password"

Closing workbooks

'Close without saving changes
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Close False

'Close and save changes
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Close True

Using the active workbook

'Activate a workbook
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Activate

Don’t forget:

If you’ve found this post useful, or if you have a better approach, then please leave a comment below.

Do you need help adapting this to your needs?

I’m guessing the examples in this post didn’t exactly meet your situation.  We all use Excel differently, so it’s impossible to write a post that will meet everybody’s needs.  By taking the time to understand the techniques and principles in this post (and elsewhere on this site) you should be able to adapt it to your needs.

But, if you’re still struggling you should:

  1. Read other blogs, or watch YouTube videos on the same topic.  You will benefit much more by discovering your own solutions.
  2. Ask the ‘Excel Ninja’ in your office.  It’s amazing what things other people know.
  3. Ask a question in a forum like Mr Excel, or the Microsoft Answers Community.  Remember, the people on these forums are generally giving their time for free.  So take care to craft your question, make sure it’s clear and concise.  List all the things you’ve tried, and provide screenshots, code segments and example workbooks.
  4. Use Excel Rescue, who are my consultancy partner.   They help by providing solutions to smaller Excel problems.

What next?
Don’t go yet, there is plenty more to learn on Excel Off The Grid.  Check out the latest posts:

2 thoughts on “Workbook VBA properties and actions

  1. Francis says:

    All the codes are helpful and provided description that are easily to understand. but, my concern is can you provide a specific location where should i put the block of codes. for example, this block of codes put it in module then this one for form load, and then this one is for workbook, etc. I’m frustrated to run the system because there are to many errors occurred. Please, I hope my suggestion will be accepted. Thank you more power.!

    • Excel Off The Grid says:

      Thank you for the feedback Francis. I will take this on board and include it as part of the next full site maintenance.

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