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Worksheet VBA properties and actions

VBA Code Snippets

Working with worksheets is one of the most common actions when writing VBA code.  The following is a reference guide to for finding the right syntax.


Referencing worksheets from the workbook

'Reference a worksheet in another workbook
Workbooks("WorkbookName.xlsx").Worksheets("SheetName").[other properties/actions]

'Reference a worksheet in the same workbook as the VBA code
ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("SheetName").[other properties/actions]

'Reference a worksheet in the active workbook
ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("SheetName").[other properties/actions]

To use any of the following examples you will need to include the workbook reference, otherwise Excel will assume you want to use the ActiveWorkbook.

Selecting worksheets by name

'Select a worksheet by name

Select worksheets by position from left most worksheet

'Select worksheets by position from the left most worksheet
Worksheets(1) 'the first worksheet 
Worksheets(2) 'the second worksheet

Adding worksheets

'Add a worksheet

'Add 4 worksheets
Worksheets.Add Count:=4

'Add a worksheet infront of a worksheet
Worksheets.Add Before:=Worksheets(3)

'Add a worksheet after a worksheet
Worksheets.Add after:=Worksheets(3)

'Add a worksheet at the start
Worksheets.Add Before:=Worksheets(1)

'Add a worksheet to the end
Worksheets.Add after:=Worksheets(Worksheets.Count)

'Add a new worksheet and assign it to a variable
Dim Ws As Worksheet
Set Ws = Worksheets.Add

'Add a new worksheet and name it
Dim Ws As Worksheet
Set Ws = Worksheets.Add
Ws.Name = "SheetName"

Delete worksheets

'Delete a worksheet

'Delete a worksheet without displaying an error message
Application.DisplayAlerts = False
Application.DisplayAlerts = True

Assign a worksheet to a variable

'Assign a worksheet to a variable
Dim Ws as Worksheet
Set Ws = Worksheets("SheetName")

Rename a worksheet

'Rename a worksheet
Worksheets("OldSheetName").Name = "NewSheetName"

Set the visibility status of a worksheet.

Worksheets("SheetName").Visible = xlSheetVisible

Worksheets("SheetName").Visible = xlSheetHidden

Worksheets("SheetName").Visible = xlSheetVeryHidden

Count worksheets

'Count worksheets

Copy/Move worksheets

'Copy worksheets

'Move a worksheet in front of another worksheet
Worksheets("SheetName").Copy Before:=Worksheets("AnotherSheetName")

'Move a worksheet after another worksheet
Worksheets("SheetName").Copy After:=Worksheets("AnotherSheetName")

'Copy multiple worksheets
Worksheets(Array("SheetName", "SheetName2", "SheetName3")).Copy

Protect & Unprotect worksheets

'Protect a worksheet

'Protect a worksheet with a password
Worksheets("SheetName").Protect "password"

'Unprotect a worksheet without a password

'Unprotect a worksheet without a password
Worksheets("SheetName").Unprotect "password"

Using the Active worksheet

'Activate a worksheet

'Rename the activesheet
ActiveSheet.Name = "SheetName"

Want to Learn VBA & Macros?

If you want to automate Excel and save time, my recommended resouces for learning VBA Macros are:

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