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VBA code to create, delete and manage folders

VBA Code Snippets

Creating, deleting and renaming folders is a common requirement when automating processes with VBA.  The code snippets below should be sufficient to complete the most common folder tasks.

All the code examples below use the built-in Dir() function and its derivatives.  The File System Object methods are not covered in this post but will be covered at a future point.

Check if a folder exists

Referencing a folder which does not exist will result in an error, therefore it is often necessary to check if a folder exists before carrying out any other actions.

'Check if a folder exists
Dim folderPath As String
folderPath = "C:\Users\marks\Documents\Folder"

If Dir(folderPath, vbDirectory) <> "" Then

    'Insert action for if the folder exists
    'This example prints to the immediate window
    Debug.Print folderPath & " exists."


    'Insert actions if the folder does not exist
    'This example prints to the immediate window
    Debug.Print folderPath & " does not exist."

End If

vbDirectory is the attribute of a folder.  The code above can be adapted to check for other types of files too.

VBA Name of attribute Enumerator Description
vbNormal 0 Files with no attributes (default setting)
vbReadOnly 1 Read-only files
vbHidden 2 Hidden files
vbSystem 4 System files
vbVolume 8 Volume label
vbDirectory 16 Directories

For checking folder existence within another procedure, it is often easier to have a reusable function, which can be called upon when required.

'Reusable function to check if a folder exists
Function doesFolderExist(folderPath) As Boolean

DoesFolderExist = Dir(folderPath, vbDirectory) <> ""

End Function

The following VBA code calls the doesFolderExist function from above and prints True (the folder exists) or False (the folder does not exist) to the Immediate window.

'Call the reusable function to check for folder existence
Debug.Print doesFolderExist("C:\Users\marks\Documents\Folder")

The following VBA code calls the doesFolderExist function from above for use within an If statement.

'Check if a folder exists calling the doesFolderExist function
Dim folderPath As String
folderPath = "C:\Users\marks\Documents\Folder"

If doesFolderExist(folderPath) = True Then

    'Insert action for if the folder exists
    'This example prints to the immediate window
    Debug.Print folderPath & " exists."


    'Insert actions if the folder does not exist
    'This example prints to the immediate window
    Debug.Print folderPath & " does not exist."

End If

Create a new folder

The VBA code below will create a new folder.  If the folder already exists, it will not overwrite it, but it will display an error.  The function will only create the last folder in the file path, all the parent folders must already exist.

'Create a new folder
MkDir "C:\Users\marks\Documents\New folder"

The avoid an error, the code below will check if a folder exists before trying to create it.

'Create a folder if it does not already exist, if it does, do nothing 
Dim folderPath As String
folderPath = "C:\Users\marks\Documents\New Folder"

'Check if the folder exists
If Dir(folderPath, vbDirectory) = "" Then

    'Folder does not exist, so create it
    MkDir folderPath

End If

As the Dir() function will only create a single folder, the code below loops through the individual folder names in the path and calls the Dir() function to create any missing folders and subfolders.

'Create all the folders in a folder path
Dim folderPath As String
Dim individualFolders() As String
Dim tempFolderPath As String
Dim arrayElement As Variant

'The desired folder path
folderPath = "C:\Users\marks\Documents\New Folder\New Folder\New Folder\New Folder"

'Split the folder path into individual folder names
individualFolders = Split(folderPath, "\")

'Loop though each individual folder name
For Each arrayElement In individualFolders

'Build string of folder path
    tempFolderPath = tempFolderPath & arrayElement & "\"
    'If folder does not exist, then create it
    If Dir(tempFolderPath, vbDirectory) = "" Then
        MkDir tempFolderPath
     End If
Next arrayElement

Delete a folder

The RmDir function will delete a folder.  However, it is limited as it will only delete an empty folder.  All the files within the folder will need to be deleted first.  Using the File System Object method (which is not covered in this post) it is possible to delete folders and their contents.

'Delete a folder
Dim folderPath As String
folderPath = "C:\Users\marks\Documents\Delete Folder"

'Ensure the folder path as a "\" at the end of the string
'Required for deleting the files using wildcards
If Right(folderPath, 1) <> "\" Then folderPath = folderPath & "\"

'Use wildcards to delete all the files in the folder
Kill folderPath & "*.*"

'Delete the now empty folder
RmDir folderPath

If the folder does not exist the RmDir function will display an error.  Refer to the first section of this post to check for existence

Rename a folder

The VBA code below will re-name a folder, and even move the contents of the entire folder to another location.

'Rename a folder
Name "C:\Users\marks\Documents\Folder" As "C:\Users\marks\Documents\Renamed Folder"

To use this example code, it may be necessary to check if the old folder name exists and the new folder name does not exist.

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About the author

Hey, I’m Mark, and I run Excel Off The Grid.

My parents tell me that at the age of 7 I declared I was going to become a qualified accountant. I was either psychic or had no imagination, as that is exactly what happened. However, it wasn't until I was 35 that my journey really began.

In 2015, I started a new job, for which I was regularly working after 10pm. As a result, I rarely saw my children during the week. So, I started searching for the secrets to automating Excel. I discovered that by building a small number of simple tools, I could combine them together in different ways to automate nearly all my regular tasks. This meant I could work less hours (and I got pay raises!). Today, I teach these techniques to other professionals in our training program so they too can spend less time at work (and more time with their children and doing the things they love).

Do you need help adapting this post to your needs?

I'm guessing the examples in this post don't exactly match your situation. We all use Excel differently, so it's impossible to write a post that will meet everybody's needs. By taking the time to understand the techniques and principles in this post (and elsewhere on this site), you should be able to adapt it to your needs.

But, if you're still struggling you should:

  1. Read other blogs, or watch YouTube videos on the same topic. You will benefit much more by discovering your own solutions.
  2. Ask the 'Excel Ninja' in your office. It's amazing what things other people know.
  3. Ask a question in a forum like Mr Excel, or the Microsoft Answers Community. Remember, the people on these forums are generally giving their time for free. So take care to craft your question, make sure it's clear and concise.  List all the things you've tried, and provide screenshots, code segments and example workbooks.
  4. Use Excel Rescue, who are my consultancy partner. They help by providing solutions to smaller Excel problems.

What next?
Don't go yet, there is plenty more to learn on Excel Off The Grid.  Check out the latest posts:

4 thoughts on “VBA code to create, delete and manage folders

  1. Filippo says:

    Hi, I tried mixing the search with the delete routine. therefore i look for a file, if it doesnt exist it creates it and if it does it deletes the file and it creates it again. Through when it finds the files, it deletes all the documets inside but then the RmDim function returns the error 75. How do i solve it?

  2. DRT says:

    @ Filippo
    To get rid off error 75 you may wish to try this:
    1. Close all windows explorer windows manually of programmatically
    2. Copy old folder to new folder (as above)
    3. If command is launched from xlsm file then you may wish to relink cells to files in new folder or break links
    4. Kill files in old folder (as above)
    5. Remove old folder (as above)
    I hope it helps

    • Excel Off The Grid says:

      To close a folder would require some Windows API calls – which are quite advanced. Why would you need to close a folder using VBA?

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